image

About Head and Neck Cancer

Cancers that begin in the organs and the tissues of the head and neck are known as head and neck cancers. Oral cavity, Larynx (voice box), throat, lips, mouth, nose, and salivary gland tumors are among them.

image

Risk Factors & Prevention

Tobacco use and alcohol are two things that significantly increase the risk of getting head and neck cancer.

Some of the other factors are:

  • Poor oral and dental hygiene
  • Radiation exposure
  • Viral infection (HPV, EBV)
  • Weak Immunity (Post organ transplantation, HIV)
  • Previous head and neck cancer history
  • Exposure to toxic fumes of formaldehyde, fumes from plastic, rubber industries and textile industries

How can it be prevented?

  • Quit Tobacco products and avoid alcohol
  • Avoid the usage of marijuana
  • Take good care of dentures
  • When exposed to toxic fumes, wear a protective face mask
image

Screening

A simple examination in which the doctor feels for lumps in the neck and examines the nose, mouth, and throat for abnormalities.

image

Symptoms & Signs

  • Swelling or a sore/ulcer that won’t go away.
  • Mouth with white or red patches
  • Head or neck lump, bump, or mass
  • Persistent throat pain
  • Hoarseness
image

Diagnosis

Doctors conduct different types of tests for other signs and symptoms :

  • Physical examination
  • Endoscopy
  • Biomarker testing
  • Biopsy
  • Ultrasound
image

Sub-Types and Stages

There are five primary forms of head and neck cancer, each of which is identified by the region of the body in which it manifests:

  • Laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancer
  • Nasal cavity and paranasal sinus cancer
  • Nasopharyngeal cancer
  • Oral and oropharyngeal cancer
  • Salivary gland cancer

Stages

For Head and Neck Cancer, the TNM staging method is most frequently used to determine treatment options.

  • Tumor(T): Where is the tumor located, and how big is it?
  • Node(N): Have the cancer cells spread to the lymph nodes?
  • Metastasis(M): Has cancer metastasized (M) to other body organs?
image

Treatment Modalities

a. Surgical Oncology

  • To removes a cancerous tumor, different forms of surgery, are used which include Laser Surgery, Excision along with Lymph Node Dissection.

b. Medical Oncology

  • Not every patient with Head and neck cancer has to go through surgery. The development of numerous effective chemotherapy medications has been proven to be efficient before, during, and following surgery or radiation therapy.
  • Chemotherapy, immunotherapy, and targeted therapy are examples of drugs that have shown promise.

c. Radiation Oncology

  • Involves the use of a focused beam of high energy x-rays to kill cancer cells while reducing toxicity and enhancing outcomes.
image

Coping with Treatment

Along with the medical side effects of Head and Neck cancer therapy, patients also deal with the financial burden of cancer care and the emotional and social impacts. MOC provides facility of Psycho Onco-Counseling and Nutritional counseling to help patients.

image

Do’s & Don’ts During Treatment

Do’s

  • Practice good oral hygiene
  • Before beginning therapy, have a dental examination
  • Drink plenty of liquids

Don’t

  • Avoid skipping meals
  • Avoid getting infections
  • Don’t smoke or use tobacco products
  • Avoid foods and drinks that can irritate your mouth
image

Post-Treatment Support

Post-treatment Head and Neck cancer survivors can go through long-term side effects of treatment. People may appear different and feel worn out, and after receiving treatment, patients even struggle with depression. Survivors should talk with people who already have this cancer.

image

Follow-ups Cancer Care Plan

Post-treatment, one must request a follow-up treatment plan. Doctors provide a personalized treatment plan based on the type and stage of cancer.

image

Surveillance and monitoring for Signs & Symptoms of Recurrence

People who have oral cancer may also acquire secondary primary tumors in the head and neck. This cancer is not the original tumor spreading; it is an entirely distinct type. Following treatment, an oncologist will keep an eye out for any symptoms of a new tumor.

image

FAQs

  1. What signs and symptoms are present in head and neck cancer?

    Tumors in the mouth, throat, nose, thyroid, and sinuses.

  2. How is cancer of the head and neck spotted?

    There are numerous tests Endoscopy, CT scan, MRI scan, and PET scan.

Specialized Doctors at MOC

  • Dr. Vashistha Pankaj Maniar
    Dr. Vashistha Pankaj Maniar
    M.B.B.S, M.D [ Medicine], D.M( Medical Oncology) , ECMO [ European Society Certification in Medical Oncology ]

    Speciality- Medical and Pediatric Hemato-Oncologist.

    Know More
  • Dr. Ashish Joshi
    Dr. Ashish Joshi
    M.B.B.S, M.D [medicine], D.M ( Medical Oncology)

    Speciality- Medical and Pediatric Hemato-Oncologist.

    Know More
  • Dr. Pritam Baban Kalaskar
    Dr. Pritam Baban Kalaskar
    M.B.B.S, M.D [ Medicine], D.M (Medical Oncology)

    Speciality- Medical and Pediatric Hemato-Oncologist.

    Know More
  • Dr. Kshitij Chandrakant Joshi
    Dr. Kshitij Chandrakant Joshi
    M.B.B.S, M.D [ Medicine], D.M.( Medical Oncology), D.N.B.( Medical Oncology), ECMO

    Speciality- Medical and Pediatric Oncologist and Hematologist.

    Know More
  • Dr. Pradip Kendre
    Dr. Pradip Kendre
    M.B.B.S, D.N.B. [Medicine], D.M.[Medical Oncology]

    Speciality- Medical and Pediatric Hemato-Oncologist.

    Know More
  • Dr. Udip Maheshwari
    Dr. Udip Maheshwari
    M.B.B.S, M.D [Medicine], D.N.B. [Medical Oncology], ECMO [ European Society Certification in Medical Oncology]

    Speciality- Medical Oncologist and Hemato-Oncologist.

    Know More
  • Dr. Smit Sheth
    Dr. Smit Sheth
    M.B.B.S, M.D [ Medicine], D.M.( Medical Oncology) , ECMO [ European Society Certification in Medical Oncology]

    Speciality- Medical Oncologist and Hemato-Oncologist.

    Know More
  • Dr. Sonal Dhande
    Dr. Sonal Dhande
    M.B.B.S., M.D., D.N.B. [Internal Medicine], D.N.B. [Medical Oncology]

    Speciality- Medical Oncologist & Hemato-Oncologist.

    Know More
  • Dr. Chandrashekhar Pethe
    Dr. Chandrashekhar Pethe
    M.B.B.S., M.D. [Internal Medicine], D.M. [Medical Oncology]

    Speciality- Medical Oncologist and Hemato-Oncologist.

    Know More
  • Dr. Divya Uchil
    Dr. Divya Uchil
    B.E. (Biotechnology), MSc. (Genetic Counseling) Genetic Counselor - Oncology

    Speciality- Certified Cancer Genetic Counsellor.

    Know More
  • Dr. Seema Jagiasi
    Dr. Seema Jagiasi
    D.N.B. [General Medicine], D.N.B. [Medical Oncology]

    Speciality- Medical Oncologist & Hemato-Oncologist.

    Know More
  • Dr. Mangesh Mekha
    Dr. Mangesh Mekha
    D.M.(Medical Oncology), D.N.B. [Medical Oncology], ECMO

    Speciality- Medical Oncologist & Hemato-Oncologist.

    Know More
  • Dr. Ritu Dave
    Dr. Ritu Dave
    D.N.B. [Medical Oncology], ECMO (European Society Certification in Medical Oncology)

    Speciality- Medical Oncologist & Hemato-Oncologist.

    Know More
  • Dr. Akshay Shivchhand
    Dr. Akshay Shivchhand
    MBBS, MD, DM, DNB(Medical Oncology), ECMO

    Speciality- Medical Oncologist & Hemato-Oncologist.

    Know More
  • Dr. Devendra Pal
    Dr. Devendra Pal
    MBBS, MD, DM, DNB(Medical Oncology), ECMO

    Speciality- Medical Oncologist & Hemato-Oncologist.

    Know More
  • Dr. Taha Sethjiwala
    Dr. Taha Sethjiwala
    MBBS, MD, DM

    Speciality- Medical Oncologist & Hemato-Oncologist.

    Know More
  • Dr. Prakash Devde
    Dr. Prakash Devde
    MBBS, MD, DM

    Speciality- Medical Oncologist & Hemato-Oncologist.

    Know More
  • Dr. Makarand Randive
    Dr. Makarand Randive
    MBBS, MD, DM, ECMO

    Speciality- Medical Oncologist & Hemato-Oncologist.

    Know More
  • Dr. Naganath Narasimhan Prem
    Dr. Naganath Narasimhan Prem
    MBBS, M.D (Geriatric Medicine), BMJ, SIOG

    Speciality- Geriatrician/Elder Care Specialist Physician.

    Know More
  • Dr. Krushna Chaudhari
    Dr. Krushna Chaudhari
    D.N.B. [Internal Medicine], D.N.B. [Medical Oncology], E.C.M.O

    Speciality- Medical Oncologist & Hemato-Oncologist

    Know More

Find the nearest center

Cancer Centres

Mumbai
Other Locations

Cancer Clinics

13 Centers in Western India
3 Cancer Clinics

Explore More

  • Chemotherapy

    Chemotherapy employs drugs to eradicate cancer cells. With this specific cancer therapy, cancer cells are prevented from multiplying, dividing, and generating new cells. A number of cancers can be treated using chemotherapy. Your doctor may refer to chemotherapy as normal chemotherapy, conventional chemotherapy, or cytotoxic chemotherapy. The medicine chemotherapy has an overall body-wide impact. This implies that it circulates throughout the body via the bloodstream. Chemotherapy comes in a variety of forms. Chemotherapy drugs, in general, are strong chemicals that destroy malignant cells at specific stages of the cell cycle. In all living things, new cells are produced by a process called the cell cycle. Chemotherapy has a greater effect on these rapidly multiplying cells because cancer cells go through this cycle faster than healthy cells.

    Read more
  • Immunotherapy

    Immunotherapy, a wide term for a class of drugs used to treat cancer, activates the immune system to fight cancer cells. Healthy cells naturally die off, however, cancer cells do not. They proliferate like an untamed copy machine that won’t quit. The immune system, which protects the body from infections and disease, is unable to identify these abnormal cells because they frequently alter or mutate. In order for the immune system to detect and destroy these changed cells, drugs employed in cancer immunotherapy are designed to alert it to their presence. Immunotherapy is a treatment option for several types of cancer. It may be used alone or in conjunction with other cancer treatments such as chemotherapy.

    Read more
  • Targeted Therapy

    Targeted therapy is a method of cancer treatment that identifies and kills specific cancer cell types. Targeted therapy may be used alone or in conjunction with other forms of therapy, including radiation therapy, surgery, conventional chemotherapy, and immunotherapy. Knowing how it functions and what to anticipate can frequently help you get ready for treatment and make wise decisions about your care if your treatment plan calls for targeted therapy. “Targeted therapy” for cancer focuses on particular proteins that control the growth, proliferation, and spread of cancer cells. Precision medicine is built on this principle. As information about the DNA alterations and proteins that feed cancer grows, researchers are better able to create cancer therapies that target these proteins.

    Read more
  • Palliative Care

    Palliative care is a medical treatment designed to enhance the quality of life for people with serious or life-threatening illnesses, such as cancer. It may be administered with or without curative therapy. Along with cancer treatments that aim to stop, slow down or cure cancer, palliative care is a crucial component of medical therapy. Palliative care, according to research, can increase your quality of life and make you feel happier with your medical care. Palliative care may begin as soon as you find that you have cancer and you may continue to get it while undergoing treatment and recovering. For instance, palliative care may be provided to cancer survivors who continue to experience symptoms or side effects after their treatment has finished.

    Read more
  • 2nd Opinion Clinic

    A second opinion is a medical diagnosis offered by a medical professional or organization other than the one currently treating the patient. The patient or their family or friends give the second doctor access to the patient’s medical information. The second doctor evaluates the records and offers a Second Opinion on the best course of treatment, outlining why it is the best option. In complex circumstances, second opinions offer the chance to review the problem with a panel of experts or a tumor board and suggest the best, most patient-centered course of action. The patient is free to decide whether or not to accept an opinion of their own.

    Read more
Read more

Book Your Appointment

appointment
Condition Type

    loader
    moc logo

    Please rotate your device

    We do not support landscape mode,
    please use the website in the portrait mode for best experience.