Bone Marrow Evaluation

Procedures to collect and evaluate bone marrow, the spongy tissue inside some of your bigger bones, include bone marrow aspiration and bone marrow biopsy. A bone marrow biopsy or aspiration can be used to assess your bone marrow’s capacity to generate a healthy number of blood cells. Doctors utilize these methods to recognize and follow blood and marrow conditions, including some types of cancer, as well as fevers for no apparent reason.

Why is it done?

Bone marrow biopsy is more frequent even if bone marrow aspiration can be performed on its own. The sum of these treatments is referred to as a bone marrow exam. Your bone marrow and blood cells can be examined to learn more about the condition of these tissues. If blood tests are abnormal or don’t reveal enough information about a suspected issue, your doctor may arrange a bone marrow exam.

A bone marrow examination could be done by your doctor to:

  • Identify a bone marrow or blood cell-related illness or disorder.
  • Identify the disease’s stage or course
  • Verify your iron levels to see if they are appropriate.
  • Keep track of a disease’s therapy
  • Investigate a mysterious fever

How is it done?

Your hip bone is typically used to sample your bone marrow. To numb the area, the doctor initially applies a local anesthetic. You might be kept awake or given a little sedative. A little piece of bone loaded with marrow and a few marrow cells are aspirated by the doctor using a hollow needle (biopsy). The doctor could use a separate needle for each test if both are being performed simultaneously, or they may withdraw and replace the same needle. After the operation, some patients report having some minor bone pain for a few days. The samples are inspected under a microscope to look for any chromosomal alterations and other cell-related abnormalities.

What warrants a bone marrow test?

Tests on the bone marrow are frequently performed for tumors that are most likely to have an impact on the tissue, including:

  • Lymphomas
  • Leukemia’s
  • Myeloma

However, it is possible for every sort of cancer. This typically occurs if your doctor has to rule
out cancer in your bone marrow for any reason or suspects that your bone marrow may contain
cancer cells.


  • What does a bone marrow test entail?
    You can test the cells in your bone marrow with a bone marrow test. Your bones’ spongy bone marrow, which produces blood cells, is located inside of them.
  • Is a bone marrow test necessary?
    to determine if the bone marrow has any cancerous cells. One might be used to assess how well your treatment is working.
  • How long does it take and how do you get it?
    To numb a small area of your hip, you receive a local anesthetic injection. Your hip is punctured by a needle as the doctor extracts some bone marrow. It takes the test around 30 minutes. Within a week or two, you ought to receive your results.
  • Are there any negative effects?
    Bruising, bleeding, discomfort, infection, or tingling in the legs are examples of potential adverse effects.

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